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Understanding Bipolar Disorder: Causes & Symptoms

Bipolar disorder (previously referred to as “manic depression”) is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings. Someone’s mood can shift from extreme highs (mania or hypomania) to extreme lows (depression). The frequency of these shifts varies from one person to another.

What Causes Bipolar Disorder?

Researchers are still trying to determine exactly what causes bipolar disorder. With that said, studies suggest that this condition may develop due to genetics or physical changes within the brain.

What Are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder symptoms vary depending on the type of episode that someone is experiencing. For example, when someone is having a manic or hypomanic episode, they may:

  • Feel euphoric and upbeat
  • Be increasingly self-confident
  • Have more energy than usual
  • Experience racing thoughts
  • Get easily distracted
  • Become irritated more frequently than usual
  • Make poor decisions

But when someone enters into a depressive episode, they may instead:

  • Feel sad, empty, hopeless, guilty, and worthless
  • Lose interest in the activities they once enjoyed
  • Have unexplained changes in their appetite and weight
  • Feel more tired than usual
  • Sleep too much or experience insomnia
  • Have trouble thinking, concentrating, and making decisions
  • Experience suicidal thoughts

Experienced Therapists Treating Patients Near You

If you’ve been diagnosed with bipolar disorder—or if you suspect that you might have this condition—you can turn to our skilled therapists for assistance. We’re highly experienced in treating bipolar disorder, and we’ll draw on this background to supply you with the knowledgeable, caring treatment you deserve. Contact us today to schedule a therapy session at a date and time that’s convenient for you.

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